Legal Aspects of Public Health

Public Health Code Interpretation


LHD Powers and Essential Public Health Services ComparedThe Michigan legislature granted broad authority to public health departments in 1978 in the State Public Health Code.  In 1994, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control adopted a list of 10 essential public health services to provide a national framework for national public health performance standards.  The framework is a description of the public health activities that should be undertaken in all communities and define responsibilities of local public health systems.  The following documents how the Michigan code empowers local public health systems to perform in all areas of the 10 essential services framework.

Michigan Public Health Code-The Michigan Public Health Code, also referred to Act 328 or 1978, provides the basis for public health organization, programming, and enforcement in Michigan.  Since 1978 parts of the “Code” have been revised numerous times.

Michigan Administrative Rules- Administrative Rules, developed by State Departments, are authorized by enabling legislation in the Michigan Public Health Code.

Public Health Law Bench Book for Michigan Courts- Revised in May, 2016, this 130 page document, from the Attorney General’s Office, provides a commentary on federal, state, and local laws affecting public health in Michigan.

Michigan Public Health Law Training 101  - Denise Chrysler, J.D., Director, Colleen Healy Boufides, J.D., Staff Attorney, The Network for Public Health Law – Mid-States Region, University of Michigan School of Public Health, Presented August 24, 2017

Michigan Public Health Law Training 201 - Denise Chrysler, J.D., Director, Colleen Healy Boufides, J.D., Deputy Director, Jennifer Bernstein, JD, Senior Attorney, The Network for Public Health Law – Mid-States Region, University of Michigan School of Public Health, Presented August 30, 2018

Michigan Public Health Law Training 301 - Denise Chrysler, J.D., Director, Colleen Healy Boufides, J.D., Deputy Director, Jennifer Bernstein, JD, Senior Attorney, The Network for Public Health Law – Mid-States Region, University of Michigan School of Public Health, Presented July 31, 2019.

Administrative Rules Process Summary

Public Health Orders, Enforcement, and Templates

Examples are provided in Michigan Public Health Law Training 201 & 301 (above). 

Network for Public Health Law (Michigan), at the University of Michigan School of Public Health

Public Health Ethics

Singapore Statement of Research Integrity-Developed and approved at the 2nd World Conference on Research Integrity (2010), this is a global guide to responsible conduct of research.
Ethical Challenges and Decision Making for Strategic Public Health Leadership- Alan Melnick, MD, MPH, CPH, Clark County Public Health Director, Michigan Premier Public Health Conference, October 10, 2018 (60 slides and additional resources cited from CDC, NACCHO, and others).

Mutual Assistance Agreements

FDA Long-Term Food Information Sharing Agreement (20.88)- Model agreement to facilitate exchange of non-public food and cosmetic regulatory, public health, and safety information (2017).